Civil Engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. Civil Engineering is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. It is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including architectural engineering, environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, control engineering, structural engineering, earthquake engineering, transportation engineering, forensic engineering, municipal or urban engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, wastewater engineering, offshore engineering, facade engineering, coastal engineering, construction surveying, and construction engineering. Civil Engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
You may be aware that in India, next to agriculture, construction activity is of prime importance. More demand for better infrastructure facilities like roads, bridges & dams is the need of present scenario of globalisation. A civil engineer has to play a major role in the development of the country.
Civil engineers plan and design bridges and tunnels, as well as highways, airfields, harbours, water and sewage systems, and buildings. They also supervise the construction of such projects to ensure that they are built according to carefully drafted plans. Thus they can expect to get jobs in companies that specialize in these functions, like L&T, etc